Mutism is a disorder involving the lack or limitation of one's own speech, while understanding other people's speech.


It is a condition that occurs in both children and adults.


Types of mutism


Total mutism manifests itself in the complete absence of speech. 

A person affected by total mutism may make sounds or screams.

He understands what other people say to her and responds using gestures.


Situational mutism occurs when there is a limitation of speech in specific situations (e.g. a child stops speaking at school, while at home he speaks normally). 

This disorder is usually transient and passes with the tame of the stressful situation.


Selective mutism occurs when a child chooses specific people to whom he speaks, and is silent in relation to other people (usually children with selective mutism are the only ones who communicate with members of their immediate family). 


Mutism - causes


Causes of mutism are: defects in the speech apparatus, communication disorders (stuttering), autism, alcoholism and domestic violence, new stressful situations, traumatic experiences, and strict upbringing.


Mutism - treatment


In the treatment of mutism, it is very important to start therapy as soon as possible, so that the disorder does not persist.


The most commonly used treatment is psychotherapist 's therapy . 

The most effective method is to use in working with child behavioral techniques that are based on the implementation of the child's normal behavior , and the removal of the fixed, which are unfavorable.


"Jeżeli potrafisz coś wymarzyć, potrafisz także to osiągnąć."

Walt Disney