Anorexia, or anorexia nervosa, is one of the eating disorders that manifests itself in high underweight. The patient refuses meals, afraid of gaining weight, he still feels obese, while the weight is significantly underestimated in relation to the patient's age and height.
Anorexia most often affects girls between 13 and 25 years old, although it can also occur in boys and men.
Initially, the anorexic assumes a strict diet, over time he refuses almost all meals, which is usually accompanied by intense physical exertion. It also can lead to obsessive -compulsive disorder, the person non-stop weighed and controls the rate of weight loss.
Where does anorexia come from?
Anorexia nervosa is a serious disorder because it can lead to many conditions, including death in advanced cases.
The causes of eating disorders can be different, but most often they have a psychological background, such as anxiety, obsession with being thin, compulsions, depression, excessive ambitions, trauma, complexes or personality disorders. There is also a reason for family tendencies, such as alcoholism at home, strong family ties or distance with loved ones, overprotection of parents. Factors can also be genetic, such as gastrointestinal diseases, negative stimuli acting during pregnancy or nutrition problems in early childhood.
Anorexia - treatment
Anorexia nervosa is also a cultural effect - the cult of thinness, perfection leads to complexes and the desire to be slim, perfect. Treatment of anorexia requires long-term therapy.
The best solution is to stay in a psychiatric hospital, because there, during the stay, the patient receives proper care and attention. Treatment requires taking care of meals. Even after leaving the hospital, the patient requires long-term psychological therapy , and often a psychiatrist's help .